UCB Libraries

ENVD 4100-003: Landscape Theory

Need additional assistance? Ask a Librarian right now, or Schedule a Research Consulation with the Art & Architecture Librarian.


  • Bibliography
  • Paper 1: Books
  • Paper 1: Articles & Images
  • Paper 2
  • Paper 3

Your Assignment

Your bibliography will allow you to properly cite your sources in your papers and have a record of the information you sifted through to produce your papers. You
will need to submit an annotated bibliography at the end of the semester with your final paper that includes all your sources, in standard bibliographic format, according the Chicago Manual of style. The bibliography should be organized in sections according to the types of sources you find.

Chicago Style

You can use the OWL online guide to Chicago Style to help you format your biblioraphy. The library also has access to the official Online Chicago Manual

Automate your Bibliography

There are several programs available that allow you to save citations you find on the web and automaticaly generate bibliographies. Using them at the outset of your research means you won't have to go back. These are huge time savers!
Citation Managers


A web-based citation management tool that allows you to save citations and retrieve them later using "Find it at CU" buttons. Citations from most databases can be easily exported directly to RefWorks. It also creates and formats bibliographies automatically using the citations you store in it.



A Firefox plugin that easily captures citations from library catalogs and article databases. Integrates with Microsoft Word and OpenOffice to generate bibliographies, footnotes, and in-text citations.



Stand alone software that allows you to organize your citations, add pdf's, and annotate. Integrates with word processing software.



Go on to researching Paper One >>


Your Assignment

Basic Facts: name of the project, who is/are the designer(s), what is the program, who was the client, where exactly is the project located, when was the project designed and built.


Images & Diagrams: Describe and analyze the formal characteristics of this work. Formal analysis relates to the structure and shape of a thing, pattern, scheme, not the materials. You may use plans, sections or other drawings at the same scale to explain your points.

Finding Books

The basic facts of your landscape may be found in books, along with plans and images.
Library Catalogs


Chinook is the catalog for books and other materials owned by the CU Libraries. Articles are not in Chinook. You'll only be able to find books by title, author, subject headings, or occasionally table of contents.


Find Plans: You can determine if the book you are looking for has illustrations or plans by looking under the description headings for col. ill. (colored illustrations) or plans.



Worldcat will search most American libraries and some foreign libraries. This will let you search a much bigger pool of books. It also includes more tables of contents.You can request books via Interlibrary Loan (ILL), there will be a link in the Worldcat to "Request from ILLiad."


Google Books

Allows you to search within a book for content. This can help you find books that include your landscape architect but they are not the main subject of the book. Perhaps there are compilations of many projects that including your landscape architect. Once you find a book, check our library to see if we own that book.



Go on to Finding Articles and Images >>



Finding Articles

Contemporary Architecture Magazines will often have the basic facts of a project along with images, plans and diagrams.
Article Indexes

Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals

The primary resource for finding architectural periodicals.

Scope: Architecture and Design throughout History

Coverage: 700 architectural magazines both scholarly and popular as far back as 1865.

Finding Plans, Images Etc: The advanced search page includes physical description check boxes for axonometric drawings, plans, elevations, maps, sketches and more.


A full-text archive of important scholarly publications in the humanities and social sciences. It covers far fewer journals and so is best used when you need to be able to search the full-text of articles.

Scope: Not defined

Coverage: 33 scholarly journals in Architecture, 191 scholarly journals in art history covering typically without the most recent 5 years of coverage.


Does your paper intersect with topics beyond Design?

Check out all our databases organized by subject here.

Finding Images

Images are important to both illustrate your points and as primary sources to be analysed. Using high-quality images and finding details can be vital to performing a visual analysis. Use our How do I Find Images Guide for many more image resources.
Image Databases


Over one million images of visual and material culture, ARTstor is the best resource for finding high-quality images of art. Best used for more mainstream architects.


CU Digital Library

Images digitized by the University Library and Visual Resources centers. The architecture and planning collection contains 100,000 images.


Google Image Search

Use advanced search options to limit to large size image.



A place to find crowd-sourced images of buildings or outdoor spaces.


Creative Commons

From here you can search many different online image resources (such as Flickr or Google) for pictures you can freely use, change, or re-mix.


Finding Blogs

Blogs can be a great source for reactions, images, and info. Use Google Blog Search.

Accessing Resources from Off Campus
In order to use the databases listed below (and any other licensed resources provided by the library), you MUST download, install, and run VPN software. For more information about VPN, please see the library's page on Off Campus Access.



Go on to Finding Maps >>


Your Assignment

Built landscapes are a part of the cultural production of the society within which it is enmeshed. There are norms to which projects inherently cohere and codes to reading the work embedded in that language. This paper is meant to broaden the
context in which the project has literally been situated. Cite all your sources.


Use USGS, local maps, Sanford, FEMA, geologic, and other maps to find more information about your project.

Finding Maps

Jerry Crail Johnson Earth Sciences & Map Library
Katie Lage, Map Librarian, maplib@colorado.edu
Benson Earth Sciences building, lower floor of the library

Chinook:  Search Chinook, the Libraries catalog with a keyword search for your city name and the term “maps”. Add another keyword if appropriate, such as “geology.”




More tips: http://ucblibraries.colorado.edu/map/links/search.htm on the Searching for Maps – Tips tab.


Many of our maps are not cataloged, so please ask for help!



Special Collections and Databases with Maps

The basic databases.  Need more?


Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps: Digital Collection. The paper collection holds maps of more Colorado cities and different years. Please make an appointment to view these: maplib@colorado.edu

Top Online Resources





Need more?

Use the Map Library guides: http://ucblibraries.colorado.edu/map/links/find.htm


Ask Us: maplib@colorado.edu

Citing Maps & Aerial Photographs

There is some key information specific to maps to include in your citations, most importantly: scale. Also, often the author of a map is a government agency or a company, not a single person Guidelines and examples are here: http://ucblibraries.colorado.edu/map/links/reference.htm.

Go on to researching Paper Three >>


Your Assignments

Is your designer working in the mode of Modernism, Post-Modernism, Feminism,
Ecologism/Environmentalism, Landscape Urbanism, or something else? Define this mode and its history in terms of theory; use sources from class and other readings to support your argument.


Identify a specific text that influenced your designer and relate that to the project. How did the designer translate that text through their work? What is the role of the designer: is it adopter, adapter, translator, critic?


Did your designer write about theory; what is their stance on theory and practice?

Find Theories, Writings & Ideas

Use Chinook to find books on design theory. For example search Landscape Urbanism.


Search Avery Index, JSTOR, or Google Books for your designers name and a theory to see if anyone has written an article connecting your subject to a specific theory. For example search <"Luis Barragan" Modernism>


Try using our How do I Create Keywords guide for ideas about how to combine terms.


Find Writings: Do an author search in Chinook or WorldCat for your designer to see if any books are published by or composed of writings by them


Find Interviews: Use Avery Index to find interviews with your designer. Add the word interview to your search to try to unearth these items.


Need Help Furthering your Research?

Want to speak with a librarian right now? You can contact us in person, via the phone, or even over IM. Use the Ask Us page to chat with a librarian even if you're away from campus.


Schedule a Research Consultation with a librarian to get in-depth help and guidance. I can help you overcome a roadblock in your research or with developing excellent keywords and search strategies.