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1850 Census of Population and Housing

In March 1849, Congress enacted a bill establishing a census board, whose membership consisted of the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, and the Postmaster General. This board was to prepare and cause to be printed such forms and schedules as may be necessary for the full enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States; and also proper forms and schedules for collecting in statistical tables, under proper heads, such in formation as to mines, agriculture, commerce, manufactures, education, and other topics as will exhibit a full view of the pursuits, industry, education, and resources of the country. The seventh census was governed by the provisions of an act of May 23, 1850, which directed that six schedules be used to collect the information requested by the Congress. The enumeration began on June1, 1850, and was to be completed, with the results returned to the Secretary of the Interior by November 1, 1850. (quoted from Census Bureau description)

For online access to the 1850 data, please go to the Historical Census browser.

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Publications for 1850 Census

The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850. Embracing a statistical view of each of the States and Territories, arranged by counties, towns, etc...with an introduction, embracing the aggregate tables for the United States compared with every previous census since 1790...

I 8.5: 1 (GOVPUB US)
EBD I805-1 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Message of the President of the United States, communicating a digest of the statistics of manufactures according to the returns of the Seventh Census

Serial Set 1006, H.exdoc.61 (NORBASE)

Mortality statistics of the Seventh Census of the United States, 1850...

I 8.5:2 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 805, H.exdoc.98 (NORBASE)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

[Compendium] Statistical view of the United States, embracing its territory, populationwhite, free colored, and slavemoral and social condition, industry, property, and revenue...,

I 8.2: C73/1 and I 8.2: C73/2 (GOVPUB US)
EBD I802-1 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

The Seventh Census. Report of the Superintendent of the Census for December 1, 1852; to which is appended the report for December 1, 1851.

I 8.1: 851-52 (GOVPUB US)
EBD I801-1 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Review of the report of Senate Committee on Returns of 7th Census

EBD I802-2 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Act of Congress on 23rd May, 1850: Instructions to U.S. Marsals, instructions to assistants

EBD I802a-3 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

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