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1860 Census of Population and Housing

The Eighth Census of the United States was authorized by the previous census May 23, 1850 act. On the recommendation of the Secretary of the Interior, the provisions of this act were to be adhered to, following the requirement for the taking of the eighth, or any subsequent census under its provisions, if no law, therefore, was passed before January 1 of the year in which the census was required. (Carrol D. Wright and William C. Hunt, The History and Growth of the United States Census. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1900. p.50.) The census office, and the position of Superintending Clerk were (for all practical purpose) abolished in May 1862. A portion of the clerks engaged in census work were transferred to the General Land Office, where the work of the 1860 census was completed, including the publication of a two-volume census report, under the direction of the Commissioner of the General Land Office. (quoted from Census Bureau description)

For online access to the 1860 data, please go to the Historical Census browser.

Return to federal census page

Publications for 1860 Census

Population of the United States in 1860; compiled from the original returns of the Eighth Census...

I 9.5:1 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 1202, H.misdoc.86 (NORBASE) or online via U.S. Congressional Serial Set CU
EBD I905-1 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Agriculture of the United States in 1860; comp. from the original returns of the Eighth Census...

Serial Set 1203, H.misdoc.86 (NORBASE) or online via U.S. Congressional Serial Set CU
EBD I905-2 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Manufactures of the United States in 1860; comp. from the original returns of the Eighth Census...

I 9.5: 3 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 1204, H.misdoc.86 (NORBASE) or online via U.S. Congressional Serial Set CU
EBD I905-3 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Statistics of the United States, (including mortality, property, &c.) in 1860; comp. from the original returns and being the final exhibit of the Eighth Census...

I 9.5:4 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 1205, H.misdoc.86 (NORBASE OVER) or online via U.S. Congressional Serial Set CU
EBD I905-4 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Preliminary report on the Eighth Census, 1860. 1862 (37-2, H. Ex doc 116)

I 9.2: P91 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 1137, H.misdoc.116 (NORBASE) or online via U.S. Congressional Serial Set CU
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Instructions to U.S. Marshals & Assistants

Online at Census Bureau PDF

Return to federal census page