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1890 Census of Population and Housing

The census of 1890 was taken, under the supervision of Robert P. Porter, according to an act of March 1, 1889, and modeled after that used for the 1880 Census. The enumeration began on June 2, 1890, because June 1 was a Sunday. The census employed 175 supervisors, with one or more appointed to each state or territory, exclusive of Alaska and Indian territory. Each subdivision assigned to an enumerator was not to exceed 4,000 inhabitants. Enumeration was to be completed in cities with populations under 10,000 (according to the 1880 Census results) was to be completed within 2 weeks. Enumerators were required to collect all the information required by the act by a per­sonal visit to each dwelling and family. As in 1880, experts and special agents were hired to make special enumerations of manufactures, Indians living within the jurisdiction of the United States, and a separate enumeration of Alaska. Furthermore, the schedule collecting social statistics was withdrawn from enumerators; the work of obtaining statistics concerning mines and mining, fisheries, churches, education, insurance, transportation, and wealth, debt, and taxation, also was conducted by experts and special agents. Robert B. Porter served as Superintendent of Census until his resignation on July 31, 1893. On October 3, 1893,Congress enacted a law that directed census-related work to continue under the direction of the Commissioner of Labor. On March 2, 1895, a further act of Congress closed the census office and transferred the unfinished work to the office of the Secretary of the Interior, where it continued until July 1, 1897. The results of the 1890 Census are contained in 25 volumes, plus a three-part compendium, statistical atlas, and an abstract. The complete results from the special enumera­tion of survivors of the Civil War were not published (the schedules of which were turned over to the Bureau of Pensions); however, the special inquiry on Schedule1 (general population schedule) regarding Union and Confederate veterans were published in the report on population. (quoted from Census Bureau description)

For online access to the 1890 data, please go to the Historical Census browser.

Return to federal census page

Publications for 1890 Census

Report on Population of the United States at the Eleventh Census, Part 1

I 12.5: 15 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3018, H.misdoc.340/11 (NORBASE)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on Population of the United States at the Eleventh Census, Part 2

I 12.5: 16 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3019, H.misdoc.340/12 (NORBASE)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on the Insane, Feeble-minded, Deaf and Dumb, and Blind in the United States

I 12.5: 8 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3031, H.misdoc.340/24 (NORBASE)
Online at the Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on Crime, Pauperism, and Benevolence in the United States, Part 1: Analysis

I 12.5: 4 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3028, H.misdoc.340/21
Online at the Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on Crime, Pauperism, and Benevolence in the United States, Part 2: Tables

I 12.5: 5 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3029, H.misdoc.340/22
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on Vital and Social Statistics in the United States, Part 1: Analysis and Tables

I 12.5: 20 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3033, H.misdoc 340/26
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on Vital and Social Statistics in the United States, Part 2: Cities of 100,000 population and upward

I 12.5: 21 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3034, H.misdoc 340/27
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on Vital and Social Statistics in the United States, Part 3: Statistics of Deaths

I 12.5: 22 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3035, H.misdoc 340/28
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on Vital and Social Statistics in the United States, Part 4: Statistics of Deaths

I 12.5: 23 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3036, H.misdoc 340/29 (NORBASE)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Reports on the Statistics of Agriculture in the United States, agriculture by irrigation in the western part of the United States, and statistics of fisheries in the United States

I 12.5: 1 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3021, H.misdoc.340/14 (NORBASE)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on Manufacturing Industries in the United States, Part 1: States and Industries

I 12.5: 11 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3024, H.misdoc.340/17 (NORBASE)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on Manufacturing Industries in the United States, Part 2: Statistics of Cities

I 12.5: 12 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3025, H.misdoc.340/18 (NORBASE)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on Manufacturing Industries in the United States, Part 3: Selected Industries

I 12.5: 13 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3026, H.misdoc.340/19 (NORBASE)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on Mineral Industries in the United States

I 12.5: 14 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3008, H.misdoc.340/1 (NORBASE)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on the Population and Resources of Alaska

Serial Set 3020, H.misdoc.340/13 (NORBASE)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on Statistics of Churches in the United States

I 12.5: 3 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3017, H.misdoc.340/10 (NORBASE)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on Indians Taxed and Indians Not Taxed in the United States (except Alaska)

Serial Set 3016, H.misdoc.340/9 (GOVPUB OFFICE)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on Insurance Business in the United States, Part 1: Fire, Marine and Inland Insurance

I 12.5:9 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3014, H.misdoc.340/7 (NORBASE)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on Insurance Business in the United States, Part 2: Life Insurance

I 12.5:10 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3015, H.misdoc.340/8 (NORBASE)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on Real Estate Mortgages in the United States

I 12.5:17 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3027, H.misdoc.340/20 (NORBASE)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Reports on Farms and Homes: Propreitorship and Indebtedness in the United States

I 12.5:6 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3030, H.misdoc.340/23 (NORBASE)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on Transportation Business in the United States, Part 1: Land Transportation

I 12.5: 18 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3022, H.misdoc.340/15 (NORBASE)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on Transportation Business in the United States, Part 2: Water Transportation

I 12.5: 19 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3023, H.misdoc.340/16 (NORBASE)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on Wealth, Debt, and Taxation, Part 1: Public Debt

I 12.5: 24 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3009, H.misdoc.340/2 (NORBASE)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Report on Wealth, Debt, and Taxation, Part 2: Valuation and Taxation

I 12.5: 25 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3010, H.misdoc.340/3 (NORBASE)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Statistical Atlas of the United States, based upon the results of the eleventh census

I 12.2: At 6 (GOVPUB US OVER)
Serial Set 3037, H.misdoc.340/30 (NORBASE OVER)
Online at American Memory

Abstract of the Eleventh Census: 1890

I 12.2: Ab 8/1 (GOVPUB US)
EBD I1202-1.1 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Abstract of the Eleventh Census: 1890 2nd edition

I 12.2: Ab 8/2 (GOVPUB US)
EBD I1202-1.2 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)
Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Compendium of the Eleventh Census, Part 1

I 12.2: C73/1 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3011, H.misdoc.304/4 (NORBASE)

Compendium of the Eleventh Census, Part 2

I 12.2: C73/2 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3012, H.misdoc.304/5 (NORBASE)

Compendium of the Eleventh Census, Part 3

I 12.2: C73/3 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3013, H.misdoc.304/6 (NORBASE)

Report on the Social Statistics of the Cities in the United States

I 12.2:501 (GOVPUB US)

Report on the Marble Quarrying Industry of the United States

I 12.2: M31 (GOVPUB US)

Special census report on the occupations of the population of the United States

I 12.2: Oc1 (GOVPUB US)
Serial Set 3032, H.misdoc.340/25 (NORBASE)
EBD I1202-3 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Vital Statistics of Boston and Philadelphia covering a period of six years ending May 31, 1890

I 12.2:B65 (GOVPUB US)
EBD I1202-3 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Vital Statistics of the District of Columbia and Baltimore covering a period of six years

I 12.5:D63 (GOVPUB US)
EBD I202-5 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Index to Bulletins

EBD I202-7.1 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Census Bulletin, nos. 1-380, 1889-1894

EBD I1203-1 to I1203-380 (Microfiche ask at the desk)
For individual titles see CIS Index to U.S. Executive Branch Documents, 1789-1909, Part 3. Reference Bibliography (Z 1223 Z7 C64 1990 pt.3 v.1) in the Government Information reference stacks

Population of the United States by Minor Civil Divisions as returned by the Eleventh Census

EBD I1202-12 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Population by color, sex and general nativity, with school, militia, and voting ages as returned at the Eleventh Census

EBD I1202-11 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Manufactures in cities. Statistics of manufactures in cities as reuturned at the 11th census

I 12.3:380 (GOVPUB US)

Extra census bulletin, no. 1-98. 1891-1895

EBD I1206-1 to I1206-99 (Microfiche ask at the desk)
For individual titles see CIS Index to U.S. Executive Branch Documents, 1789-1909, Part 3. Reference Bibliography (Z 1223 Z7 C64 1990 pt.3 v.1) in the Government Information reference stacks

The five civilized tribes in Indian Territory: The Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole Nations

I 12.7:IN 2/1 (GOVPUB US)

EBD I1207-1 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Indians. Eastern bank of the Cherokees of North Carolina

I 12.7:IN 2/3 (GOVPUB US)
EBD I1207-3 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Indians. The Six Nations of New York. Cayugas, Mohawks (Saint Regis), Oneidas, Onondagas, Senecas, Tuscaroras

I 12.7:IN 2/2 (GOVPUB US)
EBD I1207-2 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Moqui Pueblo Indians of Arizona and Pueblo Indians of New Mexico

I 12.7:IN 2/4 (GOVPUB US)
EBD I1207-4 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Return to federal census page