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1900 Census of Population and Housing

"The twelfth census of the United States was conducted under the terms of the census act of March 3, 1899, and supervised by the Director of the Census, William R. Merriam. The enumeration was conducted in each state and organized territory, including Washington, DC, Alaska, Hawaii, and "Indian Territory." The census was taken as of June 1, 1900, and was to be completed in 2 weeks in places of 8,000 inhabitants or more (as of the 1890 Census) and 1 month in rural districts. The United States and its territories were divided into 297 supervisors' districts, which were subdivided into 52,726 enumeration districts.

The enumeration of military and naval personnel (within the country and abroad) was conducted through the Departments of War and the Navy. Similarly, the enumeration of the "Indian Territory" was carried out in cooperation with the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Large institutions (prisons, hospitals, etc.) were enumerated through the appointment of special "institution" enumerators.

Enumerators were much more closely supervised during the 1900 Census. In large cities, special agents were appointed to assist the census supervisor. Enumerators used "street books," in which a record of each enumerator's work was made on a daily basis. Enumerators used individual census slips for obtaining a correct return for any person (particularly lodgers and boarders) absent at the time of the enumerator's visit. Additionally, "absent family" schedules were used for securing a complete record for any person residing within the enumeration district, but temporarily absent."

--Description from Measuring America: The Decennial Censuses From 1790 to 2000 (April 2002), p. 133.

For online access to the 1900 data, please go to the Historical Census browser.

Return to federal census page

Publications for 1900 Census

Twelfth Census of the United states, 1900, Volume 1: Population, Part 1

In print: I 13.5: 1 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD I1305-1 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Twelfth Census of the United states, 1900, Volume 2: Population, Part 2

In print: I 13.5: 2 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD I305-2 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Twelfth Census of the United states, 1900, Volume 3: Vital Statistics, Part 1, Analysis and Ratio Tables

In print: I 13.5: 3 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD I1305-3 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Twelfth Census of the United states, 1900, Volume 4: Vital Statistics, Part 2, Statistics of Death

In print: I 13.5: 4 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD I1305-4 (Ask at the desk)

Twelfth Census of the United states, 1900, Volume 5: Agriculture, Part 1, Farms, Live Stock, and Animal Products

In print: I 13.5: 5 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD I1305-5 (Ask at the desk)

Twelfth Census of the United states, 1900, Volume 6: Agriculture, Part 2, Crops and Irrigation

In print: I 13.5: 6 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD I1305-6 (Ask at the desk)

Twelfth Census of the United states, 1900, Volume 7: Manufactures, Part 1, United States by Industries

In print: I 13.5: 7 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD I1305-7 (Ask at the desk)

Twelfth Census of the United states, 1900, Volume 8: Manufactures, Part 2, States and Territories

In print: I 13.5: 8 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD I1305-8 (Ask at the desk)

Twelfth Census of the United states, 1900, Volume 9: Manufactures, Part 3, Special Reports on Selected Industries

In print: I 13.5: 9 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD I1305-9 (Ask at the desk)

Twelfth Census of the United states, 1900, Volume 10: Manufactures, Part 4, Special Reports on Selected Industries

In print: I 13.5: 10 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD I1305-10 (Ask at the desk)

Mines and Quarries

C 3.5: M66 (GOVPUB US)

Employees and wages

In print: I 13.2:Em7 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD I1302-10 (Ask at the desk)

Occupations at the Twelfth Census

C 3.5:Oc1 (GOVPUB US)

Supplementary analysis and derivative tables

C 3.5:Am1 (GOVPUB US)

Abstract of the Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900

C 3.2:Ab8 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD I1302-1 (Ask at the desk)

Abstract of the Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900 (Third Edition)

C 3.2:Ab8/904 (GOVPUB US)

Statistical Atlas

In print: I 13.2: At6 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD I1302-4 (Ask at the desk)

Geographical distribution of population (Bulletin 1)

In C 3.3:1-10 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C303-1 (Ask at the Desk)

Child labor in the District of Columbia based on unpublished information derived from the schedules of the Twelfth Census (Bulletin 68)

In C 3.3:61-70 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C303-68 (Ask at the Desk)

Child labor in the United States based on unpublished information derived from the schedules of the Twelfth census, 1900 (Bulletin 69)

In C 3.3:61-70 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C303-69 (Ask at the Desk)

A discussion of age statistics, 1904 (Bulletin 13)

In C 3.3:11-20 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C303-13 (Ask at the Desk)

A discussion of the vital staistics of the Twelfth Census (Bulletin 15)

In C 3.3:11-20 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C303-15 (Ask at the Desk)

Illeteracy in the United States (Bulletin 26)

In C 3.3:21-34 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C303-26 (Ask at the Desk)

Manufactures: Chemicals and Allied Products (Bulletin 210)

In print: I 13.3:210 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD I1303-210 (Ask at the desk)

Domestic Animals in Barns and Enclosures, not on Farms or Ranges (Bulletin 17)
In print: I 13.3:17 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD I1303-17 (Ask at the desk)

Negroes in the United States (Bulletin 8)

C 3.3: 8 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C303-8 (Ask at the Desk)

Proportion of children in the United States, 1905 (Bulletin 22)

In C 3.3:21-34 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C303-22 (Ask at the Desk)

Proportion of the sexes in the United States (Bulletin 14)

In C 3.3:11-20 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C303-14 (Ask at the Desk)

Bulletins of the Twelfth Census of the United States, issued from October 6, 1900 to October 20, 1902 (Nos. 1-247)

Microfiche: EBD I1303-1 to I303-247 (Ask at the desk)
A list of titles can be found in CIS Index to U.S. Executive Branch Documents, 1789-1909, Part 3 (Z 1223 Z7 C64 1990, GOVPUBL).

Twelfth Census of the United States, Special Cenus Bulletin, nos. 1-3.

Microfiche: EBD I306-1 to Microfiche: EBD I1306-3 (Ask at the desk)
A list of titles can be found in CIS Index to U.S. Executive Branch Documents, 1789-1909, Part 3 (Z 1223 Z7 C64 1990, GOVPUBL).

Return to federal census page