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1920 Census of Population and Housing

"The Fourteenth Census Act of July 2, 1909, provided for the 1920 and subsequent censuses; however, numerous minor changes were sought prior to the census, so a new law was enacted on March 3, 1919. This act designated a 3-year decennial census period, beginning July 1, 1919. During this 3-year period, the act provided for an increased work force at the Census Bureau’s headquarters in Washington, DC, and for the creation of a special field force to collect census data.

Section 20, of the Fourteenth Census Act, provided that the enumeration of the population should be made as of January 1, 1920. Under the direction of the Director of the Census, Samuel L. Rogers, the work of actual enumeration began on January 2, 1920. The census covered the United States, the outlying possessions (excluding the Philippines and the Virgin Islands, the military, Red Cross, consular services abroad, and the naval service abroad or in American waters, but not on a fixed station.)

For the country as a whole and for states and political subdivisions within the country, the population enumerated was the resident population. The enumerators (according to the census law), were instructed to enumerate persons at their ‘‘usual place of abode’’—i.e., their permanent home or regular lodging place. Persons were not always counted in the places where they happened to be found by the enumerators or where they transacted their daily business. Persons temporarily absent from their usual places of abode (i.e., on business, traveling, attending school, or in hospitals) were enumerated at the places where they habitually resided and the information for these people was obtained from relatives or acquaintances. Persons having no fixed place of abode were required by the census law to be enumerated where they slept on the night of January 1, 1920."

--Description from Measuring America: The Decennial Censuses From 1790 to 2000 (April 2002), p. 134.

For online access to the 1920 data, please go to the Historical Census browser.

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Publications for 1920 Census

Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920, Volume 1: Population, Number and Distribution of Inhabitants

In print: C 3.28/5:1 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.28-2 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920, Volume 2: General Report and Analytical Tables

In print: C 3.28/5:2 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.28-3 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920, Volume 3: Population, Composition and Characteristics of Population by State

In print: C 3.28/5:3 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.28-4 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920, Volume 4: Population, Occupations

In print: C 3.28/5:4 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C.28-5 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920, Volume 5: Agriculture, General Report and Analysis

In print: C 3.28/5:5 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.28-6 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920, Volume 6: Agriculture, Reports for the States, Part 1: The Northern States

In print: C 3.28/5:6/1 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.28-7.1 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920, Volume 6: Agriculture, Reports for the States, Part 2: The Southern States

In print: C 3.28/5:6/2 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.28-7.2 (Ask at the desk)

Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920: Volume 6: Agriculture, Reports for the States, Part 3: The Western States and Outlying Possessions

In print: C 3.28/5:6/3 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.28-7.3 (Ask at the desk)

Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920, Volume 7: Irrigation and Drainage, General Report and Analytical Tables and Reports for States, with Statistics for Counties

In print: C 3.28/5:7 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.28-8 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920, Volume 8: Manufactures, General Report and Analytical Tables

In print: C 3.28/5:8 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.28-9 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920, Volume 9: Manufactures, Reports for States, with Statistics for Principal Cities

In print: C 3.28/5:9 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.28-10 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920, Volume 10: Manufactures, Reports for Selected Industries

In print: C 3.28/5:10 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.28-11 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIPZIP

Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920, Volume 11: Mines and Quarries, General Report and Analytical Tables and Reports for States and Selected Industries

In print: C 3.28/5:11 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD 3.28-12 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Abstract of the Fourteenth Census of the United States

In print: C 3.28/7:920 (GOVPUB US)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Abstract of the Census of Manufactures

In print: C 3.24/2:Ab8/919 (GOVPUB US)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Statistical Atlas of the United States

In print: C 3.2:At6/924 (GOVPUB US)

Farm Census of the United States, 1919 and 1920: United States Totals, with comparative figures from Census of 1910

Microfiche: EBD C3.28-17 (Ask at the desk)

Farm Population of Selected Counties. Composition, Characteristics, and Occupations in Detail for Eight Counties. . .

In print: C 3.2: F22/2 (GOVPUB US)

Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920. Center of population and median lines, and centers of area, agriculture, manufactures, and cotton

Microfiche: EBD C3.28-1.3 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Supervisors' Districts, Fourteenth Census, 1920

In print: C 3.28/2:Su7 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD 3.28-1.4 (Ask at the desk)

Fourteenth Census of the United States. Names and addresses of supervisors of census, by States and Supervisors' districts

Microfiche: EBD 3.28-1.5 (Ask at the desk)

The Woman Home-maker in the City: A Study of Statistics Relating to Married Women in the City of Rochester, NY, at the Census of 1920

In print: C 3.2:H75w (GOVPUB US)


Fourteenth Census of the United States--Population. Index to Place of Birth and Parent Nativity

In print: C 3.28/2:P69 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.28-1.2 (Ask at the desk)

Population of Cities, Towns, Villages, and Boroughs having from 10,000 to 25,000 Inhabitants: 1920, 1910, 1900

In print: C 3.28/2:C49/2 (GOVPUB US)

Fourteenth Census of the United States. Forest Products: 1919. Forest products consumed in the Manufacture of Veneers, Dye stuff and Extracts and in tanning and wood distillation

In print: C 3.28/16:U55 (GOVPUB US)

Censo décimocuatro de los Estados Unidos: 1920 Boletín. Agricultura: Puerto Rico

In print: C 3.28/11:P83/2 (GOVPUB US)

Fourteenth Census of the United States. Population of Places 2,500 to 5,000 inhabitants: 1920

In print: C 3.28/8:P69 (GOVPUB US)

Fourteenth Census of the United States. Population of Places 25,000 inhabitants or more: 1920, 1910, and 1900

In print: C 3.28/8:C49/3 (GOVPUB US)
In print: C 3.28/8: C49 rev. 921 (GOVPUB US) Revised version

Fourteenth Census: Agriculture Bulletin. Farm Animals: Cattle, Swine, and Chickens

In print: C 3.28/11:An5 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD 3.28-15 (Ask at the desk)

Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920: Agriculture. Number of Farms, by States and Counties: 1920, 1910, and 1900

Microfiche: EBD 3.28-16 (Ask at the desk)


Increase of Population in the United States, 1910-1920: Study of changes in population of divisions, States, counties, and rural and urban areas, and in sex, color and nativity, at the Fourteenth Census

In print: C 3.30:1 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD 3.30-1 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Mortgages on homes: Report on results of inquiry as to mortgage debt on homes other than farm houses at Fourteenth Census, 1920

In print: C 3.30:2 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.30-2 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Integration of industrial operation: Statistical and descriptive analysis of development and growth of industrial establishments and of size, scope and structure of combinations of industrial establishments operated from central offices

In print: C 3.30:3 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.30-3 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Farm tenancy in the United States: Analysis of results of 1920 Census relative to farms classified by tenure, supplemented by pertinent data from other sources

In print: C 3.30:4 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.30-4 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

School attendance in 1920: Analysis of school attendance in the United States and in the several States, with discussion of factors involved

In print: C 3.30:5 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.30-5 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Farm population of the United States: Analysis of 1920 farm population figures, especially in comparison with urban data, together with study of main economic factors affecting farm population

In print: C 3.30:6 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.30-6 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Immigrants and their children, 1920: Study based on census statistics relative to foreign born and native white of foreign or mixed parentage

In print: C 3.30:7 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.30-7 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Growth of manufactures, 1899 to 1923: Study of indexes of increase in volume of manufactured products

In print: C 3.30:8 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.30-8 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Women in gainful occupations, 1870-1920: Study of trend of recent changes in numbers, occupational distribution, and family relationship of women reported in census as following gainful occupation

In print: C 3.30:9 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.30-9 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Earnings of factory workers, 1899 to 1927: Analysis of pay-roll statistics

In print: C 3.30:10 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.30-10 (Ask at the desk)

Online at Census Bureau PDF or ZIP

Ratio of children to women, 1920: Study in differential rate of natural increase in the United States

In print: C 3.30:11 (GOVPUB US)
Microfiche: EBD C3.30-11 (Ask at the desk)

Return to federal census page