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1930 Census of Population and Housing

"Under the direction of William M. Steuart, Director of the Census, and in accordance with the Fifteenth Census Act, approved June 18, 1929, ‘‘a census of population, agriculture, irrigation, drainage, distribution, unemployment, and mines [was] taken by the Director of the Census’’ on April 1, 1930. The census encompassed each state and Washington, DC, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. A census of Guam, Samoa, and the Virgin Islands was taken in the same year by the islands’ respective governors, and a census of the Panama Canal Zone was taken by the governor of that area.

In addition to population data, the 1930 census also collected the following statistics:

  • Agriculture. Acreage of farm; value of land and buildings; mortgage debt; expenditures for labor, feed, and fertilizer; farm machinery and facilities; acreage, yield, and value of crops; quantity and value of livestock.
  • Manufacturing (with similar data collected from mines and quarries). Quantity and value of products; the number of salaried employees and wage earners; aggregate payments for salaries and wages; the cost of materials and fuel.
  • Distribution. Kind of business; type of operation; net sales; number of employees; total amount paid in salaries and wages; stocks on hand.
  • Construction. Data was collected from general contractors, subcontractors, and operative builders regarding value of construction; wage payments; cost of materials; and subcontract work performed or let.
  • Unemployment.
Data from families and establishments were transferred to punch cards—approximately 300,000,000 in all— and were processed by electronic sorting and ‘‘automatic tabulating machine’’ at the rate of approximately 400 per minute. These tabulations provided the raw data necessary for the compilation of statistical tables prepared by clerks and statisticians."

--Description from Measuring America: The Decennial Censuses From 1790 to 2000 (April 2002), p. 134.

For online access to the 1930 data, please go to the Historical Census browser.

Return to federal census page

Publications for 1930 Census

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Population. Volume 1: Number and distribution of inhabitants

C 3.37/5: P81 v.1 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-18 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Population. Volume 2: General Report. Statistics by Subject

C 3.37/5: P81 v.2 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-19 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Population. Volume 3: Reports by states, Part 1: Alabama - Missouri

C 3.37/5:P81 v.3 pt.1 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-20.1 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Population, Volume 3: Reports by States. Part 2: Montana - Wyoming

C 3.37/5:P81 v.3 pt.2 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-20.2 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Population. Volume 4: Occupations, by States.

EBD C3.37-21 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Population. Volume 5: General report on occupations

C 3.37/5:P81 v.5 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-22 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Population. Volume 6: Families

C 3.37/5:P81 v.6 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-23.1 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Population, Special report on foreign-born white families by country of birth of head with an appendix giving statistics for Mexican, Indiana, Chinese, and Japanese families

C 3.37/5:P81 v.6-Supp. (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-23.2 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930. Metropolitan Districts

C 3.37/5:M56 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-16 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Unemployment. Volume 1: Unemployment returns by classes for States and counties, for urban and rural areas, and for cities with a population of 10,000 or more

C 3.37/5:Un2 v.1 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-26 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Unemployment. Volume 2: General Report

C 3.37/5: UN2 v.2 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-27 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Agriculture. Volume 1: Farm Acreage and farm values by township or other minor civil divisions

EBD C3.37-2 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Agriculture. Volume 2: Reports by States. Part 1: The Northern States

C 3.37/5:Ag8 v.2-pt.1 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-3.1 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Agriculture, Volume 2: Reports by the States. Part 2: The Southern States

C 3.37/5:Ag8 v.2-pt.2 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-3.2 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Agriculture, Volume 2: Reports by the States, Part 3: The Western States

C 3.37/5:Ag8 v.2-pt.3 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-3.3 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Agriculture, Volume 3: Type of farm, Part 1: The Northern States

C 3.37/5:Ag8 v.3 pt.1 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-4.1 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Agriculture, Volume 3: Type of Farm, Part 2: The Southern States

C 3.37/5:Ag8 v.3 pt.2 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-4.2 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Agriculture, Volume 3: Type of Farm, Part 3: The Western States

C 3.37/5:Ag8 v.3 pt.3 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C 3.37-4.3 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Agriculture. Volume 4: General Report

C 3.37/5:Ag8 v.4 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-5 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Horticulture. Statistics for the United States and for States, 1929 and 1930

EBD C3.37-10 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Irrigation of agricultural lands. General reports and analytical tables, report by States with statistics for counties, and a summary for the United States

C 3.37/5:IN7 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-12 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Drainage of agricultural lands. Reports by States with statistics for counties, a summary for the United States, and a synopsis of drainage laws

C 3.37/5:D78 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-9 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Manufactures. Volume 1: General report

C 3.37/5: M31 v.1 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C 3.37-13 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Manufactures. Volume 2: Reports by Industries

C 3.37/5:M31 v.2 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-14 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Manufactures. Volume 3: Reports by States

C 3.37/5:M31 v.3 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-15 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Mines and Quarries: 1929

C 3.37/32:R29 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-17 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Distribution, Volume 1: Retail distribution, Part 1: Summary for the United States and Statistics for counties and incorporated places of 1,000 population or more

C 3.37/5:D63 v.1 pt.1 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-7.1 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Distribution, Volume 1: Retail distribution, Part 2: Reports by States, Alabama-New Hampshire

C 3.37/5:D63 v.1 pt.2 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-7.2 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Distribution, Volume 1: Retail distribution, Part 3: Reports by States, New Jersey-Wyoming

C 3.37/5:D63 v.1 pt.3 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-7.3 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930, Distribution, Volume 2: Wholesale distribution

C 3.37:D63 v.2 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-8 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930, Construction industry

C 3.37/5:C76 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-6 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930, Outlying Territories and possessions

C 3.37/5:T27 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-25 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Age of the foreign-born white population by country of birth

C 3.37/2:F76 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-1.9 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, The Indian population of the United States and Alaska

C 3.37/2:In2 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-1.10 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Census of Distribution, Manufactures, and Mines and Quarries: 1929. Instructions for Preparing Distribution Manufactures, and Mines and Quarries Reports: Small Cities and Rural Regions

C 3.37/6:D63 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-33 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States. Instructions to Enumerators: Population and Agriculture (Revised)

C 3.37/6:En8 rev. (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-35.1 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States. Instructions to Enumerators: Special Unemployment Census, 1931

C 3.37/6:Un2/2 (GOVPUB US)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Special and Supplementary Instructions to Enumerators and Conversion Tables for Census of Agriculture

C 3.37/6:En 8/supp (GOVPUB US)

Fifteenth Census: Coding Instructions for the Unemployment Schedule

C 3.37/6:C64/3 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-32 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census: Coding Instructions for the Population Schedule, Individual Card

C 3.37/6:C64 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-30 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Census of Distribution, Manufactures, and Mines and Quarries: 1929. Instructions for Preparing Distribution Manufactures, and Mines and Quarries Reports: Cities having 10,000 or more inhabitants

C 3.37/6:D63/2 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-34 (Microfiche, ask at desk)

Fifteenth Census--Agriculture: 1930. Instructions for Editing the General Farm Schedule and Supplemental Schedules A and B

C 3.37/6:Ag8 pt.1 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-28.1 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census--Agriculture: 1930. Instructions for Editing the General Farm Schedule and Supplemental Schedules A and B: Part II

EBD C3.37-28.2 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Agriculture. Chickens and chicken eggs and turkeys, ducks, and geese raised on farms.

C 3.37/15:C43 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-44 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Census of Agriculture. The farm horse

C 3.37/15:F22/2 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-46 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Census of Agriculture. Farm real-estate values in the New England States, 1850 to 1930

EBD C3.37-47 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Census of Agriculture. Large-scale farming in the United States, 1929

C 3.37/5:F22 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-45 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Census of Agriculture. The Negro farmer in the United States

C 3.37/15:N31 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-49 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Census of Agriculture. Taxes on farm property in the United States

EBD C3.37-50 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Census of Agriculture. Types of farming in the United States

C 3.37/15:F22/4 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-48 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Location of manufactures, 1899-1929

C 3.2:M31/2 (GOVPUB US)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Materials used in manufactures: 1929

C 3.2:M31/3 (GOVPUB US)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, The assembling of agricultural commodities by retailers

EBD C3.37-51.6 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Assembling of butterfat through cream stations

C 3.37/34:B98 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-51.1 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Cooperatives as a factor in the distribution of agricultural commodities

C 3.37/34:C78 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-51.3 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Distribution of butter, cheese, evaporated and condensed milk, and ice cream

EBD C3.37-51.2 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Distribution of grain

EBD C3.37-51.4 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Distribution of livestock

EBD C3.37-51.5 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Census of Distribution. Products of manufacturing industries

C 3.37/2:D63/5 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-1.5 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Census of Distribution. Retail distribution. Retail Chains.

C 3.37/5:R31 (GOVPUB US)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Census of Distribution: 1930. Retail distribution. Special series. Employment and wages in the retail industry.

C 3.37/40:Em7 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-56 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Census of Distribution: 1930. Retail distribution. Apparel retailing (apparel, clothing and related merchandise)

C 3.37/39:Ap4 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-55.1 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Census of Distribution: 1930. Retail distribution. Automobile trades

C 3.37/39:Au8 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-55.2 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Census of Distribution: 1930. Retail distribution. Drug retailing

EBD C3.37-55.3 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Census of Distribution: 1930. Retail distribution. Food retailing

C 3.37/39:F73 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-55.4 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Census of Distribution: 1930. Retail distribution. Shoe retailing

C 3.37/39:Sh7 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-55.5 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Census of Distribution. Wholesale distribution. Definitions and classification

C 3.37/2:D63/4 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-1.4 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Census of Distribution. Wholesale distribution. Special series. Multiple types of wholesaling; a study of establishments engaged in two or more types of wholesaling

C 3.37/37:T98 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-53 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, Census of Distribution. Wholesale distribution. Groceries and food specialties

C 3.37/35:G89 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-52.2 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, Census of Distribution. Wholesale distribution. Motion picture films

C 3.37/35:M85 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-52.4 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, Census of Distribution. Wholesale distribution. Radio sets, parts and accessories

C 3.37/35:R11 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-52.6 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, Census of Distribution. Wholesale distribution. Wholesale electrical trade

C 3.37/35:El2 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-52.1 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, Census of Distribution. Wholesale distribution. The wholesale hardware trade

C 3.37/35:H22 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-52.3 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, Census of Distribution. Wholesale distribution. Wholesale trade in paints and varnishes

C 3.37/35:P16 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-52.5 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, Census of Distribution. Small City and rural trade series. Analyzing the small city and rural market area.

EBD C3.37-54 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Census of Hotels, 1930

C 3.37/2:H79/2 (GOVPUB US)

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Distribution of sales of manufacturing plants, 1932

EBD C3.37-1.16 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Families in the United States by type and size: 1930.

EBD C3.37-1.8 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Types of families in the United States

EBD C3.37-1.7 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Alphabetical index of occupations

C 3.37/2:Oc1/3 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-1.12 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Classified index of occupation

C 3.37/2:Oc1/2 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-1.11 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Plan of publication of census

EBD C3.37-1.14 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Index of data tabulated from the 1930 Census of Population including unemployment

C 3.37/2:P81 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-1.13 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

A social-economic grouping of the gainful workers of the United States.

C 3.2:So1/app (GOVPUB US)

1930 Census. Description of bound reports containing final figures; population, unemployment, agriculture, irrigation, drainage, manufactures, mines and quarries, distribution, outline of publication plans

EBD C3.37-1.15 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Abstract of the Fifteenth Census of the United States

C 3.37/7:930 (GOVPUB US)

Pocket Reference of Information on Occupations

C 3.2:Oc1/6 (GOVPUB US)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Occupation Statistics: United States Summary

C 3.37/31:Un3 (GOVPUB US)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Occupation Statistics

Colorado: C 3.37/31: C71 (GOVPUB US)
New York: C 3.37/31: N42y (GOVPUB US)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Census of Mines and Quarries: 1929, Colorado, New Mexico Arizona

C 3.37/33: C71 (GOVPUB US)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. The Blind and Deaf-Muties in the United States, 1930

C 3.37/2: B61 (GOVPUB US)
EBD C3.37-1.1 (Microfiche, ask at the desk)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Agriculture: General Statistics, Summary for the United States 1929 and 1930

C 3.37/11:Un3/2 (GOVPUB US)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Drainage of Agricultural Lands, Colorado

C 3.37/25:C71 (GOVPUB US)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Census of Distribution: Wholesale Distribution: 1929, Colorado

C 3.37/23:C71 (GOVPUB US)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Irrigation of Agricultural Lands: Colorado

C 3.37/27:C71 (GOVPUB US)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Manufactures: 1929, State Series: Colorado

C 3.37/28:C71 (GOVPUB US)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Agriculture: Colorado

C 3.37/11:C71 (GOVPUB US)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Agriculture: Colorado. Statistics by Counties, First Series, Farms, Acreage, Values, and Selected Livestock and Crops

C 3.37/12:C71 (GOVPUB US)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Agriculture: Colorado. Statistics by Counties, Second Series, Selected Crops and Livestock, Mortgages, Taxes, etc.

C 3.37/13:C71 (GOVPUB US)

Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Agriculture: Colorado. Statistics by Counties, First Series, Type of Farm

C 3.37/14:C71 (GOVPUB US)

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