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1960 Census of Population and Housing

"The 1960 census began on April 1, 1960, in accordance with the requirements of an act of August 31, 1954 (amended August 1957), which codified Title 13 of the United States Code. By mid-April, 85 percent of the population of the United States had been enumerated with the count up to 98 percent by the end of the month.

Several notable changes were made in the procedures for taking and tabulating the census. These changes were: 1) the greater use of sampling, 2) the development of procedures enabling most householders an opportunity to consult other members and available records when completing the questionnaire for their families, and 3) the use of electronic equipment for nearly all data processing work.

Sampling. In the 1960 census, a 25-percent sample was used. The greater use of sampling meant that the totals for some of the smaller areas were subject to a moderate amount of sampling variation, the usefulness of the statistics was not significantly impaired. Using a 25-percent sample of households eliminated nearly 75 percent of the processing expenses otherwise required for the items in the sample.

Enumeration procedures. The 1960 enumeration was divided into two stages—the first concentrating on quick coverage of the population and the collection of a few items for every person and dwelling unit, and the second devoted to the collection of the more detailed economic and social information required for sample households and dwelling units. Both stages used questionnaires left at the residence to be filled out by one or more members of the family.

The enumeration began prior to April 1, 1960, when an advance census form was delivered by the U.S. Postal Service to each household. The time between delivery of the form and the arrival of an enumerator to collect the household’s information allowed the household to assemble information needed to respond to the census inquiries.

Shortly after April 1, 1960, the second stage of the enumeration began. Enumerators made their rounds to collect the census data and left an additional form—containing the sample inquiries—at every fourth house visited. Households receiving the sample form were asked to complete the form and mail it to their local census office in the postage-paid envelope provided by the enumerator. When these mailed questionnaires were received at the census office, Census Bureau personnel checked the sample forms for accuracy and conducted telephone or personal inquiries to complete unanswered inquiries when necessary.

This two-stage enumeration was believed to be advantageous in that, in the past, enumerators were given only brief special training and were burdened with more instructions and work than they could effectively manage. By creating a two-stage enumeration the field work and training were reduced. Approximately one-third of the enumerator work force was retained for work in the second stage—receiving additional training that focused solely upon the content of the sample questions.

In specified areas (about 15 percent of the total population, characterized as living in areas of low population density and/or having inferior road networks), the two staged enumeration was combined, so that the enumerator collected and recorded sample data in the same interview in which the 100-percent inquiries were recorded."

--Description from Measuring America: The Decennial Censuses From 1790 to 2000 (April 2002), p. 137.

For online access to the 1960 data, please go to the Historical Census browser.

Return to federal census page

Publications for 1960 Census

1960 Census of Population. Volume 1, Characteristics of Population. Part A: Number of Inhabitants, Total Population Counts for United States, States, Outlying Areas, Counties, Cities, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Urban and Rural, etc.

C 3.223/10:960 v1 pt.A (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 1: Characteristics of Population. Part 1: United States Summary

C 3.223/9:960 Vol.1 pt.1 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 1: Characteristics of Population. Part 2-53

These are the individual state publications, please see the State Census page for a complete list of available titles.

1960 Census of Population, Volume 1: Characteristics of Population. Part 54-57: Outlying Areas

C 3.223/9:960 Vol.1 pt. 54(GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Nativity and Parentage

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.1A (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Persons of Spanish Surname

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.1B (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Nonwhite Population by Race

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.1C (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Puerto Ricans in the United States

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.1D (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Mother Tongue of the Foreign Born

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.1E (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. State of Birth

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.2A (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Mobility for States and State Economic Areas

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.2B (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Mobility for Metropolitan Areas

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.2C (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Lifetime and Recent Migration

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.2D (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Migration between State Economic Areas

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.2E (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Women by Number of Children Ever Born

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.3A (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Childspacing

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.3B (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Women by Children under 5 Years Old

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.3C (GOVPUB US))

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Families

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.4A (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Persons by Family Characteristics

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.4B (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Sources and Structure of Family Income

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.4C (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Age at First Marriage

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.4D (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Marital Status

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.4E (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. School Enrollment

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.5A (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Education Attainment

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.5B (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Labor Reserve

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.6C (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Occupation by Earnings and Education

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.7B (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Occupation by Industry

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.7C (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Characteristics of Teachers

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.7D (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Characteristics of Professional Workers

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.7E (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Industrial Characteristics

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.7F (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Inmates of Institutions

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.8A (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Income of the Elderly Population

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.8B (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 2: Subject Reports. Veterans

C 3.223/10:960 v2 pt.8C (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 3: Selected Area Reports. State Economic Areas

C 3.223/10:960 v3 pt.1A (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 3: Selected Area Reports. Size of Place

C 3.223/10:960 v3 pt.1B (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 3: Selected Area Reports. Americans Overseas

C 3.223/10:960 v3 pt.1C (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 3: Selected Area Reports. Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas

C 3.223/10:960 v3 pt.1D (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population, Volume 3: Selected Area Reports. Type of Place

C 3.223/10:960 v3 pt.1A (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Population of Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas: 1960 and 1950

C 3.223/12:960-1 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Population of Congressional Districts: April 1, 1960

C 3.223/12:960-2 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Population of the United States and Outlying Areas: 1940 to 1960

C 3.223/12:960-3 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Urban and Rural Population of the United States by States: 1960 and 1950

C 3.223/12:960-4 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Population of Urbanized Areas 1960 and 1950

C 3.223/12:960-5 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Population of Cities of 10,000 or More, by Wards: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-6 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Rank of Cities of 100,000 or More: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-7 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Population of Cities of 25,000 or More: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-8 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Population of Towns and Other Minor Civil Divisions in the New England States: 1940 to 1960

C 3.223/12:960-9 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Race of the Population of the United States, by States: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-10 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Age of the Population of the United States by States: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-11 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Marital Status of the Population of the United States, by States: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-12 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Household Relationship of the Population of the United States, by States: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-13 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Population Counts and Selected Characteristics for Guam, Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and Canal Zone: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-14 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Population Counts and Selected Characteristics for Puerto Rico: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-15 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Annexations and the Growth of Population in Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas: 1950 to 1960

C 3.223/12:960-16 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Employment Status, Weeks Worked, Occupation, and Industry for the Population of the United States: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-17 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Income of Families and Persons in the United States

C 3.223/12:960-18 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Geographic Mobility of the Population of the United States: April, 1960

C 3.223/12:960-19 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. School Enrollment and Educational Attainment for the United States: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-20 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Children Ever Born to Women 15 to 44 Years Old, for the United States: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-21 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Place of Work and Means of Transportation to Work for the United States: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-22 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Households, Married Couples, and Families in the United States: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-23 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Place of Birth of the Population of the United States: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-24 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Age of the Population of the United States: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-25 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Population of the Congressional Districts for the 88th Congress, April 1, 1960

C 3.223/12:960-26 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Industry Group by Occupation: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-27 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Birthplace and Country of Origin: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-28 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. School Enrollment of the Population of the United States: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-29 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Mobility of the Population by Age: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-30 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Veterans in the United State: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-31 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Population of the United States by Single Years of Age: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-32 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Industry of the Experienced Civilian Labor Force: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-33 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Social and Economic Characteristics, for Puerto Rico: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-34 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Employment Status, Weeks Worked, and Year Last Worked: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-35 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Income in 1959 of the Population of the United States: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-36 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Educational Attainment of the Population of the United States: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-37 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Families in the United States: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-38 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Martial Status of the Population: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-39 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Occupation of the Experienced Civilian Labor Force and the Labor Reserve: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-40 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Place of Work and Means of Transportation to Work: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-41 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Fertility of the Population: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-42 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Low Income Families: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-43 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Family Income in Metropolitan Areas: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-44 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Size of Family Income, by Family Characteristics: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-45 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Subject Guide to 1960 Census Data for Negro Population: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-46 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Age of the Foreign Stock by Country of Origin: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-47 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Per Capita and Median Family Income in 1959, for States, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, and Counties: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-48 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Labor Reserve

C 3.223/12:960-50 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Marital Status and Age at First Marriage: 1960

C 3.223/12:960-51 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Negro Population, by County: 1960 and 1950

C 3.223/12:960-52 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. 1960 Population of the Congressional Districts for the 90th Congress

C 3.223/12:960-53 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. Population Characteristics of Selected Ethnic Groups in the Five Southwestern States

C 3.223/12:960-55 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Population. 1960 Population of Congressional Districts for the 91st Congress

C 3.223/12:960-56 (GOVPUB US)

Population Mobility Within the United States

HB 1965 .S55 (Norlin Stacks)

1960 Census of Population and Housing. Census Tracts

There are 180 Census tracted areas in the United States, each with an individual report which can be found at: C3.223/11:960/ (GOVPUB US). For a complete list of census tracts, see Bureau of Census Catalog of Publications, page 309, C 56.222/2-2:790-972 (GOVPUB Office).

Evaluation and Research Program of the Censuses of Population and Housing: 1960. No. 1: Background, Procedures, and Forms

C 3.223/16:60 no.1 (GOVPUB US)

Evaluation and Research Program of the Censuses of Population and Housing: 1960. No. 2: Record Check Studies of Population Coverage

C 3.223/16:60 no.2 (GOVPUB US)

Evaluation and Research Program of the Censuses of Population and Housing: 1960. No. 3: Accuracy of Data on Housing Characteristics

C 3.223/16:60 no.3 (GOVPUB US)

Evaluation and Research Program of the Censuses of Population and Housing: 1960. No. 4: Accuracy of Data on Population Characteristics as Measured by Reinterviews

C 3.223/16:60 no.4 (GOVPUB US)

Evaluation and Research Program of the Censuses of Population and Housing: 1960. No. 5: Accuracy of Data on Population Characteristics as Measured by CPS-Census Match

C 3.223/16:60 no.5 (GOVPUB US)

Evaluation and Research Program of the Censuses of Population and Housing: 1960. No. 6: The Employer Record Check

C 3.223/16:60 no.6 (GOVPUB US)

Evaluation and Research Program of the Censuses of Population and Housing: 1960. No. 7: Effects of Interviewers and Crew Leaders

C 3.223/16:60 no.7 (GOVPUB US)

Evaluation and Research Program of the Censuses of Population and Housing: 1960. No. 9: Effect of Coders

C 3.223/16:60 no.9 (GOVPUB US)

Evaluation and Research Program of the Censuses of Population and Housing: 1960. No. 10: Accuracy of Data on Population Characteristics for Subgroups of the Total Population

C 3.223/16:60 no.10 (GOVPUB US)

Evaluation and Research Program of the Censuses of Population and Housing: 1960. No. 11: Effects of Different Reinterview Techniques on Estimates of Simple Response Variance

C 3.223/16:60 no.11 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Censuses of Population and Housing. Geographic Identification Code Scheme: United States

C 3.223/13:960/1 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Housing. Volume 1: States and Small Areas, Part 1: United States Summary

C 3.224/9:960 v1 pt.1 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Housing. Volume 1: States and Small Areas, Part 2: Alabama-Connecticut

C 3.224/9:960 v1 pt.2 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Housing. Volume 1: States and Small Areas, Part 3: Delaware-Indiana

C 3.224/9:960 v1 pt.3 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Housing. Volume 1: States and Small Areas, Part 4: Iowa-Massachusetts

C 3.224/9:960 v1 pt.4 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Housing. Volume 1: States and Small Areas, Part 5: Michigan-New Hampshire

C 3.224/9:960 v1 pt.5 (GOVPUB US))

1960 Census of Housing. Volume 1: States and Small Areas, Part 6: New Jersey-Ohio

C 3.224/9:960 v1 pt.6 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Housing. Volume 1: States and Small Areas, Part 7: Oklahoma-Tennessee

C 3.224/9:960 v1 pt.7 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Housing. Volume 1: States and Small Areas, Part 8: Texas-Wyoming

C 3.224/9:960 v1 pt.8 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Housing. Volume 1: States and Small Areas, Part 9: Outlying Areas

C 3.224/9:960 v1 pt.9 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Housing. Volume 2: Metropolitan Housing, Part 1: United States and Divisions

C 3.224/9:960 v2 pt.1 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Housing. Volume 2: Metropolitan Housing, Part 2: Abilene-Corpus Christi

C 3.224/9:960 v2 pt.2 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Housing. Volume 2: Metropolitan Housing, Part 3: Dallas-Kalamazoo

C 3.224/9:960 v2 pt.3 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Housing. Volume 2: Metropolitan Housing, Part 4: Kansas City-New Orleans

C 3.224/9:960 v2 pt.4 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Housing. Volume 2: Metropolitan Housing, Part 5: Newport News-Hampton-Santa Barbara

C 3.224/9:960 v2 pt.5 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Housing. Volume 2: Metropolitan Housing, Part 6: Savannah-Youngstown-Warren

C 3.224/9:960 v2 pt.6 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Housing. Volume 2: Metropolitan Housing, Part 7: Ponce-San Juan, P.R.

C 3.224/9:960 v2 pt.7 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Housing. Volume 5: Residential Finance, Part 1: Homeowner Properties

C 3.224/7:960 v5 pt.1 (GOVPUB US)
Supplement: C3.224/7:960 pt.1 supp

1960 Census of Housing. Volume 5: Residential Finance, Part 2: Rental and Vacant Properties

C 3.224/7:960 v5 pt.2 (GOVPUB US)

1960 Census of Housing. Volume 6: Rural Housing, Economic Subregions

C 3.224/7:960 v6 (GOVPUB US)

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