Demographics and StatisticsDemographic Data from Governmental Sources | Demographic Data from Other Sources | Related Resources
Demographic Data from Governmental Sources
- Aging Statistics from the Administration on Aging
- American FactFinder
The gateway to population, housing, industry, and business data. This website can be accessed by data set or topic. A tutorial is available from the University of Michigan. This database contains data from
- Decennial Census provides statistics on the population, such as counts, housing, race, tenure, etc.
- Economic Census Provides statistics on industry and business in the United States.
- American Community Survey (1996-present) Examines communities on a yearly basis. The Census has replaced the long form of the Decennial Census with this survey.
- Census of Agriculture
From the National Agricultural Statistics Service; includes the 1992, 1997, 2002, and 2007 Censuses.
- Census Briefs (previously Statistical
These 2- to 4-page reports provide timely data on specific issues of public policy.
- Census Street
Enter a street address, city, state, and ZIP code and select a particular census going back as early as 2000. You can then choose to display data and maps on the state, county, county subdivision, census tract, block, place, voting precinct, congressional, or state legislative districts in which the address is found.
- CenStats Databases
Include the Annual Survey of Manufacturers, Building Permits; Census Tract Street Locator; County Business Patterns; International Trade Data; Detailed Occupation by Race; Hispanic Origin and Sex, USA Counties; and ZIP Code Business Patterns.
- Census State & Country Quickfacts
QuickFacts includes statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with more than 5,000 people.
- Census 2000 Geographic Products and Information
Provides online access to various census maps. American Factfinder allows users to create custom maps. Some of the maps available in this series are
- Consolidated Federal Funds Report
- Current Population Reports
"current population data derived from the Current Population Survey (CPS), which is a sample household survey of the non-institutional civilian population in the United States." Includes the following series: P20-Population Characteristics; P23-Special Studies; P60-Consumer Income and Poverty; P70-Household Economic Studies; and P25-Population Estimates and Projections.
- Current Population Surveys (CPS)
A joint project of the Census Bureau and Bureau of Labor Statistics. The CPS surveys about 50,000 households on a monthly basis. "Estimates obtained from the CPS include employment, unemployment, earnings, hours of work, and other indicators. They are available by a variety of demographic characteristics including age, sex, race, marital status, and educational attainment. They are also available by occupation, industry, and class of worker."
Provides access to datasets generated by federal executive-branch agencies. Users can search by agency or topic for "raw" datasets as well as tools that manipulate the data.
- Glossary of Selected Abbreviations and Acronyms
Look up the meaning of terms such as "STF", "PUMS", and other acronyms.
- Historical Census Statistics on Population
Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990
For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States.
- HUD User Data Sets
Provides access to housing related data such as State of the Cities, a database which contains 1970-2000 Census data for 542 metropolitan areas and their surrounding suburbs, labor force data, and special extracts from County Business Patterns on the number of jobs, establishments, and average pay by economic sector.
- Mapping Census 2000: The Geography of U.S. Diversity
"presents a synthesis of the basic patterns and changes in U.S. population distribution in the last decade. Each page features county-level detail for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico." Available in its entirety or as the following subsections: Total Population, Diversity, White, Black or African American, American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, Two or More Races, Hispanic or Latino Origin, and White, Not Hispanic or Latino Origin.
- Measuring America: The Decennial Censuses from 1790 to 2000
Provides a history of the US Census of Population and includes "images or descriptions of the questionnaires used in each census, along with the instructions given to census-takers on how to fill out the form. Also included is a synopsis of how each census was conducted and information about its historical significance."
- Minority Links
Pulls together demographic and economic data for African Americans, Asian /Pacific Islanders, Hispanic Americans, and Native Americans. See also Demographics Related to Race and Hispanic Origin
- Statistical Abstract of the United States most issues from 1878 to present.
- U.S. Gazetteer
Searchable by Place Name or Zip. The Gazetteer supports online map creation with the Tiger Mapping Service and retrieval of 1990 Census data.
- USA Counties includes crime, vital statistics, social programs, income, education, labor force and other demographic information by county.
Demographic Data from Other Sources
- American Demographics
A publication that puts demographic data into format useful for marketers.
- Basic Tables: 1990 Demographic Profile Generator
"This application generates a single 1990 "Basic Tables" (demographic profile) report for any of the supported geographic units, including census tract, block group, city (no size limit), 5-digit ZIP code, state, county or metro area for anywhere in the United States."
- Census 2000
DVDs and CD-Roms from the Census Bureau and Geolytics Inc. offers an alternative way to search Census 2000 data. Census DVDs includes Summary File data, Congressional District data, and map outlines for census tracts and blocks. Geolytics Inc.'s Census package is a bundled product that includes all of their Census 2000 products: Long Form, Long Form Profile, Short Form, Short Form Blocks, Redistricting and Redistricting Blocks, and Neighborhood Change Database: 1970-2000. These CDs are only available on computers in the Government Information Library.
"easy-to-use tool for investigating U.S. demographic trends, brought to you by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN) at the University of Michigan. With eye-catching graphics and exportable trend data, CensusScope is designed for generalists and specialists." Provides maps, charts and rankings that focus on population growth, population by race, age structure, and family structure. Data available for states, counties, and metro areas.
- County and City Data Books, 1988, 1994, and 2000
State, city and county level data. Provided by the University of Virginia Library.
- EASI Quick Reports & Analysis
EASI sells CD-ROM demographic databases which are derived from Census and other government sources. EASI's free Quick Reports service lets the user to select from 12 geographic variables (cities, counties, economic areas, TV markets, states, regions, etc.) and 12 report variables (income, quality of life, business, population, etc.) to create an online report which rates and ranks the geographic area.
- First Measured Century: The Other Way of Looking at American History
A PBS program that examines the history of the United States as revealed through its numbers--using statistics to tell a story. Includes timelines, an analysis of trends, and a companion book, Trends of the Century, with chapters on population, work, education, family, living arrangements, religion, active leisure, health, money, politics, government, crime, transportation, business, and communications.
- Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMs)
"The IPUMS consists of twenty-five high-precision samples of the American population drawn from thirteen federal censuses. Some of these samples have existed for years, and others were created specifically for this database. The twenty-five samples, which span the censuses of 1850 to 1990, collectively comprise our richest source of quantitative information on long-term changes in the American population." Requires registration for use.
- Maps for Census 2000
A guide to Census Bureau geographic products including maps and GIS data. Includes a glossary of terms, a good overview of product uses, and tips, techniques, and software for manipulating/printing data and maps.
- National Survey of America's Families
This survey, conducted by the Urban Institute "provides a comprehensive look at the well-being of children and non-elderly adults, and reveals sometimes striking differences among the 13 states studied in depth. The survey provides quantitative measures of child, adult and family well-being in America, with an emphasis on persons in low-income families."
- Population Reference Bureau
Provides information on global population issues. It also provides links to sources of national and state level statistics on population and related topics.
- Social Science and Government Data Library (Berkeley)
Provides web and/or ftp access to Census Bureau data from the 1990 and 2000 Census.
- U.S. Census Grids
Provides raster data sets with socioeconomic characteristics such as population and housing counts. "These gridded data sets transform irregularly shaped census block and block group boundaries into a regular surface – a raster grid – for faster and easier analysis." Created by Columbia University's Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC).