UCB Libraries


Resources for HIST 3020: Historical Thinking and Writing


  • Starting Your
  • Finding Sources
    in the Libraries
  • Finding Sources
    in Databases
  • Interlibrary
  • Further




Reference Resources


Reference resources can be a great place to start when you are developing a new topic. They can provide you with an overview and background information, summarize established knowledge and important facts, discuss key figures, and offer a list of recommended sources or readings.


+ Reference Resources


This is just a selection of the many reference resources available, which range from the general to the specific. You can find more by looking under the heading History - Dictionaries, Encyclopedias and Biographies in Find Articles & Databases or searching in Chinook.

Dictionary of African Biography (in Oxford African American Studies Center)

Covers lives and events which have shaped African American and African history and culture. Includes biographies, primary sources, encyclopedia articles, and images. You can limit to "Africa and Diaspora Studies".CU


ABC-Clio eBook Collection

Full text of hundreds of reference titles on a great variety of historical subjects from a well-known publisher of history reference works. CU


Tips for Developing a Search Strategy


Before starting your search, break down your topic into discrete concepts that represent its major aspects. These concepts will be used to develop search terms, that is, significant words or phrases (nouns or noun phrases work best) that can be used when searching in online catalogs or research databases. Your search terms will determine the quantity and relevance of results you retrieve.


+ Tips for Choosing Search Terms
  1. For more flexible searching, think of various ways to express these search terms:

    • synonyms (related terms)
    • broader terms
    • narrower terms

    Topic: What role did women play in the Mau Mau Uprising in Kenya?

  2. You need to tailor the search terms to the type of material you are searching. When searching for:

    • Books and other larger units, broader terms tend to work better because the topics covered by books tend to be more general.
    • Journal articles and other smaller units, narrower terms tend to work better because the topics covered by articles tend to be more specific.
    • Full text of books or articles, narrower terms or even unique terms like names or places tend to work better because you are searching on the full text.
  3. Adding terms that represent geographical or chronological facets may be useful.

  4. If you get too many results, try using narrower search terms or add another facet to your search. If you get too few results, try using broader terms or synonyms, or subtract a facet from your search.

  5. Avoid using redundant or overlapping search terms, e.g. using "19th century" AND "Victorian period". This is a common reason for getting too few results.


+ How to Combine Search Terms




  • AND: "Mau Mau" AND women AND Kenya (must find all terms)
  • OR: uprising OR revolt (must find one of the terms)
  • NOT: Kenya NOT Nairobi (must find first term NOT second term)



  • Phrases: "Mau Mau” (must find that phrase in that order)
  • Synonyms: (uprising OR revolt) AND "Mau Mau"
  • Truncation and wildcards:
    rebel* will find rebel, rebels and rebellion
    wom?n will find woman and women

How do I?


Finding Secondary Sources in the CU Libraries Collections


You can locate secondary sources for your research in the CU Libraries by searching the Chinook library catalog. Chinook is where you want to search for books, journals, microforms and other materials but not articles (at least not reliably).


The Advanced Keyword Search in Chinook Classic and Chinook Plus are the most flexible way to search for titles on your topic. Notice that you can specify available items, electronic version, language, location, and material type, among other limits.


+ Chinook Searching Tips


The following tips will help you make the most of your Chinook searching:

  1. From the full record of a relevant title, you can find similar titles by:

    • Looking at the Subjects listed and clicking on the links to find other titles in the catalog with the same subject heading.
    • Clicking on the "Nearby Call Numbers" button in Classic or on the linked call number in Plus. This will allow you to virtually browse the collection by showing you what other titles would be shelved next to that one.
  2. Titles may have different locations in the CU library system, for example, Norlin Stacks, PASCAL offsite, or Norlin Library Periodicals Collection. If you are wondering where these locations are, click on the location link.
  1. You can use the "Request It!" button to:

  2. You can order an electronic copy of a book chapter in a book we own or of an article in a print journal we own through ILLiad.

  3. If an item is checked out or we do not own it, search the Prospector consortial catalog by clicking the brown "Search Prospector to find it in another library" button that appears on the left. You can order a copy of what you want online if is available to be loaned from another Prospector library. Circulation will contact you when it is available for pick-up. If we do not own it and you do not find it in Prospector, you can order it through ILLiad.


Finding Secondary Sources in Library Databases


Secondary source databases allow you to identify the existence of materials whether or not the CU Libraries owns them. In addition to larger units like books, you can use them to find smaller units like articles and book chapters that you might not be able to find otherwise.


+ Selecting Secondary-Source Databases


The standard secondary source databases for history research are America: History and Life for US and Canadian history, and Historical Abstracts for the history of the rest of the world after 1450. These databases index a wide range of journals as well as books, book chapters, book and media reviews, and dissertations. Search tips for Historical Abstracts and America: History and Life are available here. Two databases that are likely to be useful for most this class are:

Historical Abstracts With Full Text

Historical Abstracts with Full Text is a resource that covers the history of the world (excluding the United States and Canada) from 1450 forward, including world history, military history, women’s history, history of education, and much more. This database provides selective indexing of articles from historical and related social science literature. CU


Humanities Full Text
Full text or abstracts of articles, interviews, obituaries, bibliographies and reviews in Archaeology, Art, Classical Studies, Dance, Film, Folklore, Gender Studies, History, Literary and Social Criticism, Literature, Music, Performing Arts, Philosophy, Religion, and Theology. May be searched concurrently with Social Sciences Full Text. CU

You have access to many more databases than this that might be useful for your research. Find Articles & Databases: History lists a selection of databases by type of sources and geographic area.


+ No Full Text? - Where to Look Next

Articles and Book Chapters


Once you have located periodical material of interest in these databases, if they do not contain a direct link to full text, look closely at the citation information. Your next steps for getting an article are offered via the "Find it at CU" link if it appears in the database:


  • If Find it at CU finds electronic full text, it will present you with a "Full Text Online" button allowing you to access it.
  • If Find it at CU thinks it has found electronic full text in an online journal, it will present you with a "Browse Journal" button that allows you to look for it.
  • If you cannot immediately get the item electronically and you would really like to access it, click the "Request a copy" link to order an electronic copy using ILLiad.



Click Find it at CU

  • If an e-book is not found, click the "Search the library catalog" link below to see if we have it in print.
  • If not, go back and use the "Request a copy" link to order from another library using ILLiad.

You can make requests for any item the CU library does not hold through Interlibrary Loan. Visit this page for your basic ILL options. Please note the decision to loan items is up to the holding library. How much time it takes to fill the request can range from 24 hours to 3 weeks, depending. Articles and book chapters are generally faster than books.


+ Initiating Requests in ILLiad


The ILLiad interlibrary loan system is used to make requests:

  • Log in using your Identikey, and submit the required information for the item you want. Also, the more of the non-required information you can provide the easier it will be to expedite your request.

  • The first time you log in you will need to fill out your contact information.

  • If you enter ILLiad from a database like Historical Abstracts, it will often supply most of the required information automatically.

  • Specify a realistic "Not Wanted After Date". If you order an item and do not use it, the library will have to pay for the loan anyway.

If you want to learn what books are out there besides those you can find in Historical Abstracts, you can search WorldCat and order titles we do not hold using the "Request from ILLiad" link.


Want to know the difference between the Chinook, Prospector, and WorldCat library catalogs?


Still need help after trying the strategies listed on this guide? Or can't figure out how to use a particular resource? Here are some options for further assistance:


+ From the Libraries


  • How Do I...? helpful web guides on a variety of research-related topics

  • Ask Us! email, chat, text, and phone reference services are available extended hours

  • Walk-up reference service at the Research Desk on the 2nd floor of Norlin Library